The Sphingidae of Southeast-Asia    


(incl. New Guinea, Bismarck & Solomon Islands)                      Version 1.6               Back to start page  


by Jan Beck & Ian J. Kitching



What's new in this version?


Version 1.6 (online from December 2015): The last seven years have seen a massive expansion of our project. We have gathered more data, there have been advances in taxonomic understanding that have led to changed assessments of species delineations and nomenclature, and we have produced fine-grained range estimates for all non-American sphingids (based on species distribution modelling). We decided to present this information on other websites, and keep "The Sphingidae of Southeast-Asia" as an archive of our earlier activities only. As a consequence, we have removed all sites with outdated information on species ranges and checklists. However, you can still access these data (for reference or offline use) through Downloads. For more up-to-date taxonomic information of all Sphingidae (including pictures), please go to the Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory. Detailed estimates of geographic ranges for all non-American sphingids (2015-assessment) can be accessed through Map of Life (see here for an example; note that presence records from GBIF are shown in Map of Life, but these have not been vetted by us).

Apart from these changes in content, we fixed broken links and removed reference to websites that no longer exist.

Version 1.5 (online since February 2008): We received several thousands of new records, which lead to small or larger changes in range estimates in 85 species (mostly in China and Indonesia). As a consequence, many island checklists had to be updated, in particular that of Sulawesi and of several of the Lesser Sundas (such as Flores and Timor). Several species were newly included, either because they were newly described, or because they are only recently found in the Southeast-Asian region: A. pseudonaga, A. tenggarensis, A. kai, C. mirabilis, C. scotti and C. jakli.


Some island names around Papua-New Guinea were corrected (wrong spellings or old-fashioned names; thanks to John Tennent!). Some new links of interest were included, some non-functional ones were deleted. You have notived that we changed the design of the start page, featuring a different picture each time you visit.


Version 1.4 (online since May 2007): The site was moved to a server at Basel University (reflecting J.B.'s new affiliation; new URL: An automatic forwarding link was set at the old URL. Contact information and our publication list were updated.


New records from China, Vanuatu and the Andaman islands became available, and we became aware of more Australian data (CISRO). Changes in range estimates resulted in T. oldenlandiae, T. silhetensis and T. suffusa (newly recorded from the Andamans), as well as A. sericeipennis, C. minor (China) and A. wildei, , H. rosetta, M. nubilum, M. tenebrosa. N. hespera T. radiosa, T. tryoni and T. turneri (Australia).


Following new taxonomic developments, all species previousely listed under the generic name Lepchina are now considered Dahira [technical note: this change has not yet been implemented in download data; furthermore, file names of webpage, picture of range maps still carry the acronym "Lep_", which will be replaced by "Dah_" in version 1.5].


A number of new species have been described from the region (Rhodoprasina mateji Brechlin & Melichar, 2006; Ambulyx interplacida Brechlin, 2006; Ambulyx adhemariusa Eitschberger, Bergmann & Hauenstein, 2006; Angonyx krishna Eitschberger & Haxaire, 2006), data for which will be presented in the next update of the site.

Version 1.3 (online since September 2006): A link to the page for A. bismarcki was repaired. A new species, Acosmeryx beatae, was described from Sulawesi (splitting A. socrates sensu lato in a Philippine and a Sulawesi species).


Over 2000 new records became available to us (many from Japan's Ryukyu islands, the Solomon Islands and Hong Kong), most of which 'fill' existing range estimates. Important changes in range estimates had to be made in C. poecilus, C. porphyria, G. preechari, L. yunnanfuana, M. saishiuana (China),  M. obliqua (Solomon Islands) and A. canescens (Sulawesi).


Small changes in ranges resulted in  H. celerio (central Africa), A. bakeri (Jolo archipelago), A. schauffelbergeri, A. panopus, A. elwesi, C. juniona, D. hypothous, H. brennus, I. ihlei, M. faro, M. insipida, M. vicinum, M. cristata, P. menephron, T. latreillii, T. nessus and T. silhetensis.


Changes in (recorded or expected) island checklists resulted for Jolo, Tawitawi, Sulwesi and all major Solomon Islands. For a number of species we are now able to present images of higher quality than in previous versions.


An offline-version and other features can now be downloaded.


Our list of publications from this project has substantially increased. Please note that our analyses are based on data as presented in Version 1.1. See Downloads if you require range maps (in JPEG format) from this version. Color version of recently published maps of species richness are available in Patterns of diversity and distributions (Fig. 1 and links).


Version 1.2 (online since February 2006) includes some records that only recently became available to us (mostly from Africa and the Middle East, but also from China, Japan, Burma and the Malesian region). While most of these records only 'filled' previous range estimates, they lead to (often small) expansions of our estimates in A. styx, A. convolvuli, A. panopus, C. hylas, C. bilineata, D. rubiginosa, D. nerii, H. celerio, H. rafflesii, H. rosetta, H. livornica, M. neotroglodytus, M. vacillans, R. schnitzleri, R. winbrechlini, S. tagalica, T. alecto, T. indistincta and T. japonica.

Some new "good" species were described from eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea (A. rudloffi, M. paukstadtorum, T. babarensis), whereas the description of some others is still pending.

Changes in island checklists resulted for Bali, Borneo, Lombok, Mentawi, New Britain, New Ireland, Nias, Peninsular Malaysia and the Tanimbar islands.

Furthermore, we are now able to present pictures for Gnathothlibus vanuatuensis and Theretra sugii.

Regrettably, we found errors in the previous (recorded) island checklists for Luzon and Seram, which have been corrected.


Version 1.1 (online since April, 2005) includes some records that only recently became available to us (mostly from Hainan, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands). While most of these records only 'filled' previous range estimates, they lead to expansions of our estimates in A. convolvuli, A. harterti, A. andangi, A. liturata, A. sericeipennis, C. lineosa, C. titan, D. dohertyi, D. elpenor, H. rosetta, M. divergens, M. cadioui, P. sulawesica, R. albomarginatus, T. insularis and T. suffusa.

This caused changes in the island checklists for Peninsular Malaysia, Timor and most of the Solomon Islands.

An error in the picture display of Eupanacra poulardi/harmani/greetae was corrected.


Version 1.0 (online since January 2005) acknowledged for new (2004) taxonomic work and distribution records in the region. Important changes are:

  • M. cadioui was newly described from Sulawesi

  • R. corrigenda: Northern records refer to R. viksinjaevi Brechlin

  • P. floresica: The picture was deleted as it appeared unsure to what species it actually referred

  • New distribution records were included among various Clanis species

  • C. hylas: Some records were considered erroneous

  • C. euroa was recorded from Alor and Lombok

Furthermore, we worked on technical improvements to make the site more accessible to users with a slow internet connection.


Version 0.99 was the first published edition of The Sphingidae of Southeast-Asia. It contained the taxonomy, records and range maps as they are used in JB's PhD thesis on The Macroecology of Southeast-Asian hawkmoths.